Identification of cardiac dysfunction in sepsis with B-type natriuretic peptide

Krista L. Turner, Laura J. Moore, S. Rob Todd, Joseph F. Sucher, Stephen A. Jones, Bruce A. McKinley, Alicia Valdivia, R. Matthew Sailors, Frederick A. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is secreted in response to myocardial stretch and has been used clinically to assess volume overload and predict death in congestive heart failure. More recently, BNP elevation has been demonstrated with septic shock and is predictive of death. How BNP levels relate to cardiac function in sepsis remains to be established. Study Design: Retrospective review of prospectively gathered sepsis database from a surgical ICU in a tertiary academic hospital. Initial BNP levels, patient demographics, baseline central venous pressure levels, and in-hospital mortality were obtained. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed during initial resuscitation per protocol. Results: During 24 months ending in September 2009, two hundred and thirty-one patients (59 ± 3 years of age, 43% male) were treated for sepsis. Baseline BNP increased with initial sepsis severity (ie, sepsis vs severe sepsis vs septic shock, by ANOVA; p < 0.05) and was higher in those who died vs those who lived (by Fisher's exact test; p < 0.05). Of these patients, 153 (66%) had early echocardiography. Low ejection fraction (<50%) was associated with higher BNP (by Fisher's exact test; p < 0.05) and patients with low ejection fraction had a higher mortality (39% vs 20%; odds ratio = 3.03). We found no correlation between baseline central venous pressure (12.7 ± 6.10 mmHg) and BNP (526.5 ± 82.10 pg/mL) (by Spearman's ρ, Rs = .001) for the entire sepsis population. Conclusions: In surgical sepsis patients, BNP increases with sepsis severity and is associated with early systolic dysfunction, which in turn is associated with death. Monitoring BNP in early sepsis to identify occult systolic dysfunction might prompt earlier use of inotropic agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-146
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume213
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • B-type natriuretic peptide
  • BNP
  • C-reactive protein
  • central venous pressure
  • CRP
  • CVP
  • EF
  • ejection fraction
  • SIRS
  • systemic inflammatory response syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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