Identification of a novel ganglioside on erythrocytes with blood group Cad specificty

D. Blanchard, F. Piller, B. Gillard, D. Marcus, J. P. Cartron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

The blood group Cad antigen is a carbohydrate structure well characterized on the sialoglycoproteins of the red cell membrane from some rare individuals (Blanchard, D., Cartron, J. P., Fournet, B., Montreuil. J., Van Halbeck, H., and Vliegenthart, J. F. G. (1983) J. Biol. Chem 258, 7691-7695). However, protease treatment of whole cells did not destroy their antigenic activity which indicated that glycolipid might also be involved in the antigenic reaction. A crude ganglioside fraction was prepared from Cad cells and found to inhibit the hemagglutination reaction, whereas neutral glycolipids were inactive. Further analysis of the ganglioside extract from Cad erythrocytes by thin layer chromatography revealed an unusual profile characterized by a lower content of sialosylparagloboside and the presence of a novel ganglioside of slower mobility. Immunochemical studies demonstrate that this ganglioside binds Helix pomatia lectin and inhibits human anti-Sd(a) antibody. In addition, a ganglioside with identical chromatographic mobility can be obtained by the enzymatic transfer of GalNAc from UDP-GalNAc to sialosylparagloboside using a microsomal preparation from human kidney. These results together with cell surface labeling experiments suggest that the major ganglioside of Cad erythrocytes might be derived from sialosylparagloboside by substitution with an additional N-acetylgalactosamine residue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7813-7816
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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