Tropomyosin-related kinases (TrkA, TrkB, and TrkC) are receptor tyrosine kinases that, along with their ligands, the neurotrophins, are involved in neuronal cell growth, development, and survival. The Trk-neurotrophin pathway may also play a role in tumorigenesis through oncogenic fusions, mutations, and autocrine signaling, prompting the development of novel Trk inhibitors as agents for cancer therapy. This report describes the identification of AZ-23, a novel, potent, and selective Trk kinase inhibitor. In vitro studies with AZ-23 showed improved selectivity over previous compounds and inhibition of Trk kinase activity in cells at low nanomolar concentrations. AZ-23 showed in vivo TrkA kinase inhibition and efficacy in mice following oral administration in a TrkA-driven allograft model and significant tumor growth inhibition in a Trk-expressing xenograft model of neuroblastoma. AZ-23 represents a potent and selective Trk kinase inhibitor from a novel series with the potential for use as a treatment for cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research