ICU and Ventilator Mortality Among Critically Ill Adults With Coronavirus Disease 2019∗

The Emory COVID-19 Quality and Clinical Research Collaborative

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

326 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To determine mortality rates among adults with critical illness from coronavirus disease 2019. Design: Observational cohort study of patients admitted from March 6, 2020, to April 17, 2020. Setting: Six coronavirus disease 2019 designated ICUs at three hospitals within an academic health center network in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Patients: Adults greater than or equal to 18 years old with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome-CoV-2 disease who were admitted to an ICU during the study period. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Among 217 critically ill patients, mortality for those who required mechanical ventilation was 35.7% (59/165), with 4.8% of patients (8/165) still on the ventilator at the time of this report. Overall mortality to date in this critically ill cohort is 30.9% (67/217) and 60.4% (131/217) patients have survived to hospital discharge. Mortality was significantly associated with older age, lower body mass index, chronic renal disease, higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, lower Pao2/Fio2 ratio, higher d-dimer, higher C-reactive protein, and receipt of mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, renal replacement therapy, or vasodilator therapy. Conclusions: Despite multiple reports of mortality rates exceeding 50% among critically ill adults with coronavirus disease 2019, particularly among those requiring mechanical ventilation, our early experience indicates that many patients survive their critical illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E799-E804
JournalCritical Care Medicine
Volume48
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

Keywords

  • adult
  • artificial
  • coronavirus
  • critical care
  • intubation
  • mortality
  • respiration
  • respiratory distress syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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