Hyperfractionated abdominal reirradiation for gastrointestinal malignancies

Andrew Hunt, Prajnan Das, Bruce D. Minsky, Eugene J. Koay, Sunil Krishnan, Joseph M. Herman, Cullen Taniguchi, Albert Koong, Grace L. Smith, Emma B. Holliday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We sought to determine the role of abdominal reirradiation for patients presenting with recurrent or new primary gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies. At our institution, we have established a hyperfractionated, accelerated reirradiation regimen consisting of 39 Gray (Gy) in 26 twice-daily fractions. Although this regimen is used frequently in the pelvis, we sought to determine its toxicity and efficacy for abdominal tumors. Methods: Twenty-four patients who received abdominal reirradiation with a hyperfractionated, accelerated approach from 2000 to 2017 were identified. Overall survival (OS) and local progression-free survival (LPFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Several patient, tumor and treatment characteristics were evaluated on univariate analyses for association with OS and LPFS using a Cox proportional hazards model. Results: Of the twenty-four patients identified, the majority (n=11, 46%) had pancreatic adenocarcinoma as their primary disease but also included upper GI adenocarcinoma (n=4), colon adenocarcinoma (n=3), hepatobiliary cancers (n=4) and other malignancies (n=2). The majority of patients received 45-50.4Gy in 1.8Gy fractions as their initial abdominal radiation course. The median reirradiation dose was 39Gy in 26 twice-daily fractions with a minimum six hour interval. The median [interquartile range (IQR)] interval between the courses of radiotherapy was 28 [18.6-38.9] months. Only palliative reirradiation intent was associated with decreased OS. While colon adenocarcinoma primary was significantly associated with increased LPFS, the sample size was small (n=3). The 1-yr rate of LPFS was 38%. The median [IQR] duration of freedom from local progression was 8 [3.8-19.2] months. The 1-year OS was 50% and the median (IQR) OS was 14 [6.3-19.6] months. Thirteen patients (54%) had acute side effects with one patient experiencing G3 nausea and one experiencing a G4 bleed; the remaining patients experienced G1-G2 symptoms. Conclusion: Hyperfractionated, accelerated reirradiation to the abdomen was relatively well-tolerated but provided limited local control to recurrent or second primary abdominal malignancies. Reirradiation could play a role in treating these patients with palliative or curative intent, but alternative strategies for delivering increased biologically effective dose should be further explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number143
JournalRadiation Oncology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2018

Keywords

  • Abdominal
  • External beam
  • Gastrointestinal malignancies
  • Hyperfractionated
  • Local control
  • Reirradiation
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hyperfractionated abdominal reirradiation for gastrointestinal malignancies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this