Hydroxyapatite nanocrystals functionalized with alendronate as bioactive components for bone implant coatings to decrease osteoclastic activity

Ruggero Bosco, Michele Iafisco, Anna Tampieri, John A. Jansen, Sander C G Leeuwenburgh, Jeroen J J P Van Den Beucken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The integration of bone implants within native bone tissue depends on periprosthetic bone quality, which is severely decreased in osteoporotic patients. In this work, we have synthesized bone-like hydroxyapatite nanocrystals (nHA) using an acid-base neutralization reaction and analysed their physicochemical properties. Subsequently, we have functionalized the nHA with alendronate (nHAALE), a well-known bisphosphonate drug used for the treatment of osteoporosis. An in vitro osteoclastogenesis test was carried out to evaluate the effect of nHAALE on the formation of osteoclast-like cells from monocytic precursor cells (i.e. RAW264.7 cell line) showing that nHAALE significantly promoted apoptosis of osteoclast-like cells. Subsequently, nHA and nHAALE were deposited on titanium disks using electrospray deposition (ESD), for which characterisation of the deposited coatings confirmed the presence of alendronate in nHAALE coatings with nanoscale thickness of about 700 nm. These results indicate that alendronate linked to hydroxyapatite nanocrystals has therapeutic potential and nHAALE can be considered as an appealing coating constituent material for orthopaedic and oral implants for application in osteoporotic patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)516-524
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume328
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2015

Keywords

  • Bisphosphonate
  • Coating
  • Electrospray
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Osteoclast
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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