Human plasma lipoprotein [a]. Structural properties

J. W. Gaubatz, C. Heideman, A. M. Gotto, J. D. Morrisett, G. H. Dahlen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

324 Scopus citations

Abstract

When lipoprotein [a] was isolated in the presence of the proteolytic inhibitor Trasylol, its apoprotein exhibited one dominant band corresponding to a molecular weight of about 1.2 million when analyzed by electrophoresis on 3.25% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels. After chemical reduction, this band was missing but was replaced by two bands, one corresponding to a molecular weight of about 490,000 and the other to a molecular weight of about 645,000. Before treatment with reducing agents, the apolipoprotein [a] and apolipoprotein B immunoreactivities were detectable in the same electrophoretic band, but after reduction the apolipoprotein [a] was demonstrated to be separate from the apolipoprotein B. These results suggest that the apoprotein of lipoprotein [a] is composed of two subunits which are similar in molecular weight and are held together by one or more disulfide bonds. One subunit possesses apolipoprotein [a] and the other apolipoprotein B immunoreactivity. The secondary structure of the apoprotein components within lipoprotein [a] has been studied by circular dichroism and found to differ significantly from the secondary structure of the apoproteins in low density lipoproteins and high density lipoproteins. About 30% α-helical structure was measured in lipoprotein [a] compared to 48% in low density lipoproteins and 70% in high density lipoproteins. Lipoprotein [a] exhibited a much higher percentage of disordered structure than either of the other two lipoproteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4582-4589
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume258
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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