Human papillomavirus oncoproteins differentially modulate epithelial-mesenchymal transition in 5-FU-resistant cervical cancer cells

Kanchan Vishnoi, Sutapa Mahata, Abhishek Tyagi, Arvind Pandey, Gaurav Verma, Mohit Jadli, Tejveer Singh, Sukh Mahendra Singh, Alok C. Bharti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Etiological role of viral proteins E6 and E7 of high-risk HPV in cervical carcinogenesis is well established. However, their contribution in chemoresistance and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) that leads to advanced metastatic lesions and chemoresistance is poorly defined. In the present study, contribution of viral oncoproteins in acquisition of EMT character during onset of chemoresistance was assessed. A chemoresistant cell line (SiHaCR) was developed from an established HPV16-positive cervical cancer cell line, SiHa, by escalating selection pressure of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Expression of Survivin, ABCG2, Snail, Slug, Twist, and Vimentin was examined in SiHa and SiHaCR cells by reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) and immunoblotting assays. Mesenchymal phenotype in SiHaCR cells was confirmed by assessment of migration and invasion potentials. SiHaCR cells displayed elevated level of functional and molecular markers associated with chemoresistance (Survivin, ABCG2) and EMT (Snail, Slug, Twist, Vimentin) and reduced E-cadherin. SiHaCR also showed increased levels of HPV16 E6 and E7 transcripts. Specific silencing of HPV16 E6, but not E7 using corresponding siRNA, demonstrated a differential involvement of HPV oncogenes in manifestation of EMT. HPV16 E6 silencing resulted in reduction of Slug and Twist expression. However, the expression of Snail and Vimentin was only marginally affected. In contrast, there was an increase in the expression of E-cadherin. A reduced migration and invasion capabilities were observed only in E6-silenced SiHaCR cells, which further confirmed functional contribution of HPV16 E6 in manifestation of EMT. Taken together, our study demonstrated an active involvement of HPV16 E6 in regulation of EMT, which promotes chemoresistance in cervical cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13137-13154
Number of pages18
JournalTumor Biology
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)
  • Cervical cancer
  • Chemoresistance
  • Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Invasion
  • Migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Human papillomavirus oncoproteins differentially modulate epithelial-mesenchymal transition in 5-FU-resistant cervical cancer cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this