Human kallikrein-2 gene and protein expression predicts prostate cancer at repeat biopsy

Raj Satkunasivam, William Zhang, John Trachtenberg, Ants Toi, Changhong Yu, Eleftherios Diamandis, Michael W. Kattan, Steven A. Narod, Robert K. Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The human kallikrein-2 (hK2) protein and two single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) (rs2664155, rs198977) of the gene are associated with prostate cancer risk. We examined whether hK2 protein and gene SNPs predict prostate cancer at the time of repeat biopsy. Methods: We prospectively offered a repeat biopsy to men with a negative prostate biopsy performed for a PSA >4.0 ng/mL or abnormal Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) between 2001-2005. We genotyped and measured serum hK2 levels in 941 men who underwent a repeat prostate biopsy. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the significance of KLK2 SNPs and hK2 levels for predicting cancer at repeat biopsy. Results: Of the 941 patients, 180 (19.1%) were found to have cancer. The rs198977 SNP was positively associated with cancer at repeat biopsy (OR variant T allele = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.04-3.13, p = 0.049). When combined, the odds ratio for prostate cancer for patients with high hK2 levels and the variant T-allele of rs198977 was 3.77 (95% CI: 1.94-7.32, p < 0.0001), compared to patients with low hK2 levels and the C-allele. The addition of hK2 levels and KLK2 rs198977 to the baseline predictive model did not significantly increase the area under the curve from a baseline model of 0.67 to 0.69 (p = 0.6). Conclusions: The KLK2 SNP rs198977 was positively associated with hK2 levels and predicts prostate cancer at the time of repeat prostate biopsy. Further characterization of the KLK2 gene will be needed to determine its clinical utility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number295
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalSpringerPlus
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Human Kallikrein-2
  • Nomogram
  • Prostate cancer
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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