Mechanical support devices are used to support failing cardiac, respiratory, or both systems. Since Gibbon developed the cardiopulmonary bypass in 1953, collaborative efforts by medical centers, bioengineers, industry, and the National Institutes of Health have led to development of mechanical devices to support heart, lung, or both. These devices are used as a temporary or long-term measures for acute collapse of circulatory system and/or respiratory failure. Patients are managed on these support devices as a bridge to recovery, bridge to long term devices, or bridge to transplant. The progress in development of these devices has improved mortality and quality of life in select groups of patients. Care of these patients requires a multidisciplinary team approach, which includes cardiac surgeons, critical care physicians, cardiologists, pulmonologists, nursing staff, and perfusionists. Using a team approach improves outcomes in these patients.
- critical care management
- mechanical circulatory support devices
- role of multidisciplinary team
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