Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated B-cell lymphoproliferation is a life-threatening complication after hematopoietic stem cell or solid organ transplantation resulting from outgrowth of EBV-infected B cells that would normally be controlled by EBV-cytotoxic T cells. During the past decade, early detection strategies, such as serial measurement of EBV-DNA load in peripheral blood samples, have helped to identify high-risk patients and to diagnose early lymphoproliferation. Treatment options include manipulation of the balance between outgrowing EBV-infected B cells and the EBV cytotoxic T lymphocyte response and targeting the B cells with monoclonal antibodies or chemotherapy. Major challenges remain for defining indications for preemptive therapies and integrating novel and conventional therapies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology