Homeostatic levels of SRC-2 and SRC-3 promote early human adipogenesis

Sean M. Hartig, Bin He, Weiwen Long, Benjamin M. Buehrer, Michael A. Mancini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


The related coactivators SRC-2 and SRC-3 interact with peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) to coordinate transcriptional circuits to promote adipogenesis. To identify potential coactivator redundancy during human adipogenesis at single cell resolution, we used high content analysis to quantify links between PPARγ, SRC-2, SRC-3, and lipogenesis. Because we detected robust increases and significant cell-cell heterogeneity in PPARγ and lipogenesis, without changes in SRC-2 or SRC-3, we hypothesized that permissive coregulator levels comprise a necessary adipogenic equilibrium. We probed this equilibrium by down-regulating SRC-2 and SRC-3 while simultaneously quantifying PPARγ. Individual or joint knockdown equally inhibits lipid accumulation by preventing lipogenic gene engagement, without affecting PPARγ protein levels. Supporting dominant, pro-adipogenic roles for SRC-2 and SRC-3, SRC-1 knockdown does not affect adipogenesis. SRC-2 and SRC-3 knockdown increases the proportion of cells in a PPARγhi/lipidlo state while increasing phospho-PPARγ-S114, an inhibitor of PPARγ transcriptional activity and adipogenesis. Together, we demonstrate that SRC-2 and SRC-3 concomitantly promote human adipocyte differentiation by attenuating phospho-PPARγ-S114 and modulating PPARγ cellular heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-67
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 10 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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