HIV-associated vascular disease and endothelial injury

Changyi Johnny Chen, Peter H. Lin, Alan B. Lumsden, Qizhi Cathy Yao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


With the advent of more effective therapies for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, HIV-infected patients are living longer; therefore HIV-associated disease and complications of antiviral therapy are becoming a significant concern in this population. HIV infection has been associated with the development of endocarditis, myocarditis, pericardial effusions, and dilated cardiomyopathy. Clinical use of HIV protease inhibitors has been associated with metabolic alteration and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. This chapter focuses on HIV-associated vascular disease and endothelial injury. Clinical investigations and possible mechanisms of atherosclerosis, pulmonary hypertension, and thrombosis in HIV-infected patients are discussed. Recent advances in molecular understandings of HIV-associated endothelial injury-including direct HIV infection, expression of cytokines and adhesion molecules, apoptosis, and endothelial permeability-are also discussed. Endothelial injury or dysfunction may contribute significantly to the pathogenesis of vascular disease in HIV-infected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIDS and Heart Disease
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780203021897
ISBN (Print)9780824741150
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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