Purpose: We previously reported an insulin-like growth factor (IGF) gene expression signature, based on genes induced or repressed by IGF-I, which correlated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. We tested whether the IGF signature was affected by anti-IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) inhibitors and whether the IGF signature correlated with response to a dual anti-IGF-IR/insulin receptor (InsR) inhibitor, BMS-754807. Experimental Design: An IGF gene expression signature was examined in human breast tumors and cell lines and changes were noted following treatment of cell lines or xenografts with anti-IGF-IR antibodies or tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Sensitivity of cells to BMS-754807 was correlated with levels of the IGF signature. Human primary tumorgrafts were analyzed for the IGF signature and IGF-IR levels and activity, and MC1 tumorgrafts were treated with BMS-754807 and chemotherapy. Results: The IGF gene expression signature was reversed in three different models (cancer cell lines or xenografts) treated with three different anti-IGF-IR therapies. The IGF signature was present in triplenegative breast cancers (TNBC) and TNBC cell lines, which were especially sensitive to BMS-754807, and sensitivity was significantly correlated to the expression of the IGF gene signature. The TNBC primary human tumorgraft MC1 showed high levels of both expression and activity of IGF-IR and IGF gene signature score. Treatment of MC1 with BMS-754807 showed growth inhibition and, in combination with docetaxel, tumor regression occurred until no tumor was palpable. Regression was associated with reduced proliferation, increased apoptosis, and mitotic catastrophe. Conclusions: These studies provide a clear biological rationale to test anti-IGF-IR/InsR therapy in combination with chemotherapy in patients with TNBC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research