Hexachlorobenzene and substituted pentachlorobenzenes (X-C6Cl5) as inducers of hepatic cytochrome P-450-dependent mono-oxygenases.

S. M. Li, M. A. Denomme, B. Leece, S. Safe, D. Dutton, A. Parkinson, P. E. Thomas, D. Ryan, S. Bandiera, L. M. Reik

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5 Scopus citations


Hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and 2,3,4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl induced a similar spectrum of cytochrome-P-450-dependent mono-oxygenase activities in the rat, including 4-dimethylaminoantipyrine N-demethylase, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH) and ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD). Levels of individual cytochrome P-450 isozymes and various mono-oxygenase activities in liver microsomes from rats treated with substituted pentachlorobenzene (X-C6Cl5) and 4'-substituted-2,3,4,5-tetrachlorobiphenyl (X-C12 H5Cl4) analogues demonstrated the remarkable effects of substituent structure on induction activities. The chloro- and bromopentachlorobenzenes induced hepatic microsomal 4-dimethylaminoantipyrine N-demethylase, AHH and EROD; the iodo-, fluoro-, acetamino- and nitropentachlorobenzene analogues together with pentachlorobenzene weakly induced both AHH and EROD (approximately 2-fold or less); and the remaining substituted pentachlorobenzenes tested (X = CH3, OCH3 and OH) were relatively inactive as inducers of microsomal mono-oxygenases. Substituent effects were observed for the induction of liver microsomal cytochromes P-450a, P-450b + e, P-450c, P-450d and total cytochrome P-450 by the X-C6Cl5 and X-C12H5Cl4 analogues. The chloro- and bromopentachlorobenzene analogues in both series induced total cytochrome P-450 and cytochromes P-450a to P-450d, whereas the hydroxy-, methyl- and methoxy-substituted analogues in both series were relatively inactive as inducers of cytochrome P-450. Iodo-, fluoro- and nitropentachlorobenzene were weak 3-methylcholanthrene-type inducers and, in contrast to the corresponding biphenyl analogues, had little or no effect on the induction of cytochromes P-450a, P-450c and P-450d.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalIARC scientific publications
Issue number77
StatePublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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