Early hepatic artery thrombosis after orthotopic liver transplantation results in massive injury to hepatocytes and the bile duct epithelium. In the fulminate form, impaired liver synthetic function is expressed by encephalopathy and coagulopathy. Ischemic bile duct injury is associated with the disruption of the biliary anastomosis, bile duct strictures, and intrahepatic bilomas. The inability of the liver macrophages to clear translocated portal blood intestinal pathogens results in persistent bacteremia and sepsis. The major radiologic finding is the radiographic evidence of gas gangrene of the liver graft. Early recognition and correct interpretation of the radiologic findings, immediate removal of the liver graft, and placement of the patient on venous-venous bypass or total hepatic devascularization while a new liver is being procured and retransplantation are the only hope for survival.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Apr 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas