Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is a rare and life-threatening disease in which a generalized histiocytic proliferation results in hemophagocytosis and up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines. This syndrome has been associated with infections, malignancy, drugs and immunologic triggers such as Kawasaki disease (KD). We describe the clinical and laboratory features of two children with HPS after KD and review the three previously reported pediatric cases of recrudescence of KD leading to HPS.
- Hemophagocytic syndrome
- Kawasaki disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Microbiology (medical)