Background Left atrial (LA) strain is associated with symptomatic status and atrial fibrillation in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). However, hemodynamic determinants of LA reservoir (LARS), conduit, and pump strains have not been examined and data are needed on the relation of LA strain with exercise tolerance in HCM. Methods Fifty HCM patients with echocardiographic and CMR imaging within 30 days were included. Left ventricular (LV) volumes, mass, EF, scar extent, extracellular volume fraction (ECV), and LA maximum volume were measured by CMR. Echo studies were analyzed for mitral inflow, pulmonary vein flow, mitral annulus tissue Doppler velocities, LV global longitudinal strain, and LA strain. Twenty six patients able and willing to exercise underwent cardiopulmonary stress testing for peak oxygen consumption (MVO2), and VE/VCO2 slope. Patients were followed for clinical events. Findings LARS was significantly associated with indices of LA systolic function, LV GLS, and LV filling pressures (P<0.05). Conduit strain was significantly associated with mitral annulus early diastolic velocity and ECV, whereas LA pump strain was determined by LA systolic function and indices of LV end diastolic pressure (all P<0.05). LARS and conduit strain were significantly higher in patients who achieved ≥80% of MVO2. LARS, conduit, and pump strains were significantly associated with atrial fibrillation (P<0.05). Conclusions LV structure, systolic and diastolic function, and LA systolic function determine the 3 components of LA strain. LA strain is associated with exercise tolerance and clinical events in patients with HCM.
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