Heat shock protein 60 and cardiovascular diseases: An intricate love-hate story

Indumathi Krishnan-Sivadoss, Iván A. Mijares-Rojas, Ramiro A. Villarreal-Leal, Guillermo Torre-Amione, Anne A. Knowlton, C. Enrique Guerrero-Beltrán

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the result of complex pathophysiological processes in the tissues comprising the heart and blood vessels. Inflammation is the main culprit for the development of cardiovascular dysfunction, and it may be traced to cellular stress events including apoptosis, oxidative and shear stress, and cellular and humoral immune responses, all of which impair the system's structure and function. An intracellular chaperone, heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) is an intriguing example of a protein that may both be an ally and a foe for cardiovascular homeostasis; on one hand providing protection against cellular injury, and on the other triggering damaging responses through innate and adaptive immunity. In this review we will discuss the functions of HSP60 and its effects on cells and the immune system regulation, only to later address its implications in the development and progression of CVD. Lastly, we summarize the outcome of various studies targeting HSP60 as a potential therapeutic strategy for cardiovascular and other diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-71
Number of pages43
JournalMedicinal Research Reviews
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • heart diseases
  • heart failure
  • heat shock proteins
  • immunity
  • therapeutic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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