Hearing preservation up to 3 years after gamma knife radiosurgery for gardner-robertson class i patients with vestibular schwannomas

Seyed H. Mousavi, Hideyuki Kano, Amir H. Faraji, Abhiram Gande, John C. Flickinger, Ajay Niranjan, Edward Monaco, L. Dade Lunsford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Vestibular schwannoma patients with Gardner-Robertson (GR) class I hearing seek to maintain high-level hearing whenever possible. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate hearing outcomes at 2 to 3 years in GR class I patients who underwent Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS). METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with GR class I hearing were identified between 2006 and 2009. Twenty-five patients had no subjective hearing loss (group A) and 43 patients reported subjective hearing loss (group B) before GKRS. The median tumor volume (1 cm 3) and tumor margin dose (12.5 Gy) were the same in both groups. RESULTS: Serviceable hearing retention rates (GR grade I or II) were 100% for group A compared with 81% at 1 year, 60% at 2 years, and 57% at 3 years after GKRS for group B patients. Group A patients had significantly higher rates of hearing preservation in either GR class I (P <.001) or GR class II (P <.001). Patients with a pure tone average (PTA) <15 dB before GKRS had significantly higher rates of preservation of GR class I or II hearing. CONCLUSION: At 2 to 3 years after GKRS, patients without subjective hearing loss or a PTA <15 dB had higher rates of grade I or II hearing preservation. Modification of the GR hearing classification into 2 groups of grade I hearing (group A, those with no subjective hearing loss and a PTA <15 dB; and group B, those with subjective hearing loss and a PTA >15 dB) may be useful to help predict hearing preservation rates at 2 to 3 years after GKRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-591
Number of pages8
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume76
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2015

Keywords

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Gamma Knife
  • Gardner-Robertson grade I hearing
  • Hearing preservation
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery
  • Vestibular schwannoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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