Hearing Outcomes With a Novel Total Ossicular Replacement Prosthesis

Kenny F. Lin, Dennis I. Bojrab, Christian G. Fritz, Christopher A. Schutt, Robert S. Hong, Seilesh C. Babu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A total ossicular replacement prosthesis (TORP) is used to reconstruct the ossicular chain in the absence of the stapes suprastructure. The Wildcat prosthesis is a novel TORP that eliminates the need for a separate footplate shoe prosthesis and aims to improve ease-of-use and stability. This study evaluates hearing outcomes using the Wildcat prosthesis. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary neurotology referral center. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 64 patients undergoing ossicular chain reconstruction using the Wildcat TORP. Hearing outcomes after surgery were assessed with air conduction pure-tone average, bone conduction pure-tone average, air-bone gap (ABG), speech recognition threshold , and word recognition score as primary outcome measures. The stability of hearing outcomes was evaluated on subsequent long-term follow-up. RESULTS: At mean short-term follow-up of 4.4 ± 2.7 months, ABG improved from 31.0 ± 13.0 dB preoperatively to 22.5 ± 10.0 dB (p < 0.001) with 51.6% achieving ABG less than 20 dB. No significant difference in any primary outcome measures was found when analyzing outcomes by initial versus revision surgery, use of cartilage graft, or type of mastoidectomy. The only exception was a smaller reduction in ABG of 4.2 dB for patients with canal wall down mastoidectomy compared with a 13.7 dB ABG closure in patients with canal wall up mastoidectomy (p = 0.039). CONCLUSION: Total ossicular chain reconstruction using the Wildcat demonstrates versatility in challenging cases to provide hearing outcomes that are comparable to published data using TORPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-454
Number of pages8
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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