Healthy Eating Index of Living Donor Renal Transplantation Recipients During the First Year Posttransplant

Nhi Le, Linda W. Moore, Joy V.Nolte Fong, Thong Doan, William E. Mitch, Biruh Workeneh, Carolyn E. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between diet quality and weight gain in kidney transplant recipients from pretransplant baseline through posttransplant at 3 months and 1 year. Methods: Data from a prospective, observational cohort study of kidney transplant patients (n = 26) were analyzed. Participants were adult (aged 18-65 years), living donor kidney transplant recipients who were participating in a prospective body composition study. Body weight, body mass index, dietary intake, and Healthy Eating Index scores were used to assess changes in weight, nutrient intake, and diet quality. Findings: At the time of kidney transplantation, 42% (n = 11) were obese and 27% (n = 7) were overweight. Weight significantly increased from transplantation to 12 months (mean [SD]: 83 [18] kg and 90 [18] kg, respectively; mean change 8.4%, P =.002). At 12 months posttransplant, dietary fat intake significantly increased (P =.033). Body weight was strongly correlated with total dietary fat intake (r = 0.56, P =.003). The Healthy Eating Index total scores at baseline and 1-year posttransplant were not significantly different (45.75 [14.99] and 42.59 [12.70]). Likewise, component scores did not change from pretransplant to posttransplant. Discussion: Diet quality of transplant recipients was poor both before and after transplantation. Using the Healthy Eating Index confirmed that improvements in food intake are needed. Further research is warranted to identify dietary recommendations for the prevention of excessive weight gain and the potential adverse health complications following kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalProgress in Transplantation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020


  • diet quality
  • healthy eating index (HEI)
  • kidney transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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