Harnessing mHealth technologies to increase physical activity and prevent cardiovascular disease

David I. Feldman, W. Theodore Robison, Justin M. Pacor, Luke C. Caddell, Erica B. Feldman, Rachel L. Deitz, Theodore Feldman, Seth S. Martin, Khurram Nasir, Michael J. Blaha

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research into prevention of cardiovascular disease has increasingly focused on mobile health (mHealth) technologies and their efficacy in helping individuals adhere to heart-healthy recommendations, including daily physical activity levels. By including the use of mHealth technologies in the discussion of physical activity recommendations, clinicians empower patients to play an active daily role in modifying their cardiovascular risk-factor profile. In this review, we critically evaluate the mHealth and physical activity literature to determine how these tools may lower cardiovascular risk while providing real-time tracking, feedback, and motivation on physical activity levels. We analyze the various domains—including user knowledge, social support, behavioral change theory, and self-motivation—that potentially influence the effectiveness of smartphone applications to impact individual physical activity levels. In doing so, we hope to provide a thorough overview of the mHealth landscape, in addition to highlighting many of the administrative, reimbursement, and patient-privacy challenges of using these technologies in patient care. Finally, we propose a behavioral change model and checklist for clinicians to assist patients in utilizing mHealth technology to best achieve meaningful changes in daily physical activity levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)985-991
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Cardiology
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Preventive Cardiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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