Glucocorticoid-regulated VEGF expression in ischemic skeletal muscle

Issam A. Halaby, Sean P. Lyden, Mark G. Davies, Elisa Roztocil, Linda J. Salamone, Andrew I. Brooks, Richard M. Green, Howard J. Federoff, William J. Bowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent neovascular inducer. Gene therapeutic delivery of a plasmid DNA encoding VEGF has been shown to impart collateral vessel development in animal models of hindlimb ischemia. Constitutive, long-lived expression of VEGF through gene transfer, however, may result in hypervascularization and/or leaky blood vessels. To that end, the introduction of regulated VEGF gene transfer technology may provide a safer and more controlled therapy for ischemic tissues. We developed a glucocorticoid-regulated plasmid vector (pNGVL-hAP/GRE5-vegf-pA) for modulating VEGF gene expression. This plasmid possessed five tandem repeats of the glucocorticoid-responsive element and adenovirus major-late promoter driving the expression of the VEGF165 cDNA. Intramuscular delivery of this plasmid to mice, and subsequent treatment with the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DEX), led to greatly enhanced VEGF expression. Similar delivery to the gracillis muscle of New Zealand white rabbits that had undergone ligation of their femoral artery to induce ischemia exhibited increased VEGF expression and collateral vessel development only in the presence of DEX. Additionally, reintroduction of DEX at a time point during which initial VEGF transgene levels had subsided resulted in a vigorous reinduction of VEGF transgene expression. This new iteration of VEGF gene delivery provides for fine-tuned angiogenic factor-based therapy for tissues requiring neovascularization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-306
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Therapy
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery


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