Global mortality of snakebite envenoming between 1990 and 2019

GBD 2019 Snakebite Envenomation Collaborators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Snakebite envenoming is an important cause of preventable death. The World Health Organization (WHO) set a goal to halve snakebite mortality by 2030. We used verbal autopsy and vital registration data to model the proportion of venomous animal deaths due to snakes by location, age, year, and sex, and applied these proportions to venomous animal contact mortality estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 study. In 2019, 63,400 people (95% uncertainty interval 38,900–78,600) died globally from snakebites, which was equal to an age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) of 0.8 deaths (0.5–1.0) per 100,000 and represents a 36% (2–49) decrease in ASMR since 1990. India had the greatest number of deaths in 2019, equal to an ASMR of 4.0 per 100,000 (2.3—5.0). We forecast mortality will continue to decline, but not sufficiently to meet WHO’s goals. Improved data collection should be prioritized to help target interventions, improve burden estimation, and monitor progress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6160
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 25 2022


  • Animals
  • Snake Bites/epidemiology
  • Snakes
  • India

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Global mortality of snakebite envenoming between 1990 and 2019'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this