Group A streptococcus (GAS) is a Gram-positive human bacterial pathogen responsible for more than 700 million infections annually worldwide. Beta-lactam antibiotics are the primary agents used to treat GAS infections. Naturally occurring GAS clinical isolates with decreased susceptibility to beta-lactam antibiotics attributed to mutations in PBP2X have recently been documented. This prompted us to perform a genome-wide screen to identify GAS genes that alter beta-lactam susceptibility in vitro. Using saturated transposon mutagenesis, we screened for GAS gene mutations conferring altered in vitro susceptibility to penicillin G and/or ceftriaxone, two beta-lactam antibiotics commonly used to treat GAS infections. In the aggregate, we found inactivating mutations in 150 GAS genes are associated with altered susceptibility to penicillin G and/or ceftriaxone. Many of the genes identified are previously unknown to alter beta-lactam susceptibility or affect cell wall biosynthesis. Using isogenic mutant strains, we confirmed that inactivation of clpX (Clp protease ATP-binding subunit) or cppA (CppA proteinase) resulted in decreased in vitro susceptibility to penicillin G and ceftriaxone. Deletion of murA1 (UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 1-carboxyvinyltransferase) conferred increased susceptibility to ceftriaxone. Our results provide new information about GAS genes affecting susceptibility to beta-lactam antibiotics.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of bacteriology|
|State||Published - 2022|