Genome-wide analysis reveals distinct substrate specificities of Rrp6, Dis3, and core exosome subunits

Daniel L. Kiss, Erik D. Andrulis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The RNA processing exosome complex was originally defined as an evolutionarily conserved multisubunit complex of ribonucleases responsible for the processing and/or turnover of stable RNAs. The exosome complex is also involved in the surveillance of mRNAs in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm, including nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) targets. The detailed mechanisms for how individual exosome subunits participate in each of these RNA metabolic pathways remains unclear. Here, we use RNAi to deplete exosome subunits, the exonucleases Rrp6 and Dis3, and an exosome cofactor in Drosophila melanogaster S2 tissue culture cells and assay the effects on global mRNA levels using gene expression microarrays. Consistent with the RNA degradative activities ascribed to the exosome, most mRNAs are increased. Notably, these stabilized mRNAs possess 3′ untranslated regions that are longer than the representative transcriptomic average. Moreover, our results reveal substantial differences in the pools of affected mRNAs for each depleted subunit. For example, ∼25% of the affected transcripts in Rrp6 depleted cells represent NMD substrates. While the affected mRNAs were dissimilar, they encode proteins that function in similar cellular pathways. We conclude that individual exosome subunits are largely functionally independent at the transcript level, but are interdependent on a transcriptomic level. Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)781-791
Number of pages11
JournalRNA
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Core exosome
  • Dis3
  • NMD
  • RNase
  • Rrp6
  • UTR
  • mRNA turnover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

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