Genetic susceptibility of epidermal growth factor +61A>G and transforming growth factor β1 -509C>T gene polymorphisms with gallbladder cancer

Monika Vishnoi, Sachchida Nand Pandey, Dinesh Raj Modi, Ashok Kumar, Balraj Mittal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) play important roles in tumor biology. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in EGF and TGFB1 genes alter the expression of these growth factors and influence the tumorigenesis process. The aim of our present study was to determine the association of EGF+61A>G (rs4444903) and TGFB1-509C>T (rs1800469) gene polymorphism with susceptibility to gallbladder cancer (GBC). The present case-control association study was carried out in 126 confirmed GBC patients and 190 healthy subjects. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methods. The GG genotype of EGF+61A>G was significantly associated with GBC [p = 0.012, odds ratio (OR) = 2.22, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.19-4.15] in comparison to healthy subjects. Analysis based on gender indicated risk due to GG genotype was limited to female GBC patients (p = 0.003, OR = 3.45, 95% CI = 1.52-7.82). Upon stratification of GBC patients on the basis of the presence or absence of gallstones, the risk due to EGF polymorphism was not modulated by the status of gallstones. The TGFB1-509C>T polymorphism was not associated with GBC. Also, we did not find any association of this polymorphism when GBC patients were subdivided on the basis of gender. However, after stratification of GBC patients on the status of gallstones, we determined that the CT genotype of TGFB1 was associated with increased risk of GBC without gallstones (p value = 0.030, OR = 2.90, 95% CI = 1.26-6.69). Furthermore, the combination of the GG genotype of EGF and the CT genotype of TGFB1 demonstrated synergistic increase in risk of GBC.In conclusion, the higher producing +61G allele of EGF and -509 CT genotype of TGFB1 synergistically increase the susceptibility of gallbladder cancer (p value = 0.003). Further study in large samples size is required to confirm our findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-367
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • Epidermal growth factor
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • Genetic susceptibility
  • Polymorphism
  • Transforming growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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