Genetic diversity and relationships among 123 strains of Salmonella paratyphi B (serotype 1,4,,12:b:[1,2]) were estimated from an assessment of electrophoretically demonstrable allelic variation at 24 chromosomal enzyme gene loci. Fourteen electrophoretic types, marking clones, were distinguished, the phylogeny of the clonal lineages was reconstructed, and biotype and other phenotypic characters were mapped onto this structure. Most d-tartrate-negative strains are members of an abundant, globally distributed clone (Pb 1) that is polymorphic for many biotype characters (including d-tartrate utilization), bacteriophage type, rRNA pattern, and colicin M and phage ES18 sensitivity. This clone is largely responsible for S. paratyphi B enteric fever in humans. In contrast, d-tartrate-positive strains (formerly known as S. java) occurred in all seven of the clonal lineages identified by population genetic analysis, although most d-tartrate-positive isolates belong to only two clones (Pb 3 and Pb 4), which vary in frequency geographically. Monophasic strains represent four closely related clones forming a distinctive phylogenetic lineage. The Kauffmann hypothesis of convergence in serotype among distantly related cell lineages through recombination (via phage transduction or other means) may account for the considerable genotypic diversity among clones of S. paratyphi B. Pb 4, Pb 6, and Pb 7 are more closely allied with clones of S. typhimurium and S. saintpaul than with other clones of S. paratyphi B. Sensitivity or resistance to colicin M and phage ES18 and the electrophoretic pattern of the rRNA, which were incorporated into a recently proposed scheme for the identification of types of S. paratyphi B, individually or in combination fail to mark clones or other meaningful phylogenetic subdivisions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Infection and Immunity|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases