Genetic diversity of KPC-producing Escherichia coli, klebsiella oxytoca, serratia marcescens, and citrobacter freundii isolates from Argentina

Denise De Belder, Celeste Lucero, Melina Rapoport, Adriana Rosato, Diego Faccone, Alejandro Petroni, Fernando Pasteran, Ezequiel Albornoz, Alejandra Corso, Sonia A. Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The predominance of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing K. pneumoniae was caused by the spread of ST258 clone. In Latin America, KPC was reported in 2006, with the isolation of genetically unrelated K. pneumoniae in Colombia. Since then, the expansion of blaKPC in either K. pneumoniae ST258 or other Enterobacteriaceae (ETB) species was increasingly reported. In this study, we characterized 89 KPC-producing Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Serratia marcescens, and Citrobacter freundii that were received between 2010 and 2014. The results revealed that all isolates harbored blaKPC-2. Moreover, the dissemination of KPC by non-K. pneumoniae was mainly caused by the dispersion of ETB mostly genetically unrelated. E. coli is a community pathogen that may serve as the vehicle for the spread of KPC into community settings. Recently, KPC was detected in E. coli ST131, an international epidemic and multidrug-resistant clone. We found that 5/29 KPC-producing E. coli belonged to ST131 and four were blaCTXM-15 producers. The detection of blaKPC in ST131 should be closely monitored to prevent further dissemination. The blaKPC is generally located within Tn4401 transposon capable of mobilization through transposition found in plasmids in ST258. Less is known about the diversity of blaKPC genetic elements that disseminate horizontally among other species of ETB. We found that 16/29 E. coli and 2/18 S. marcescens harbored blaKPC-2 in Tn4401a. In 71 isolates, blaKPC-2 was located amidst diverse Tn3-derived genetic elements bearing non-Tn4401 structure. Further studies on the plasmids that encode blaKPC-2 in these clinical isolates may provide additional insight into its transmission mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)958-965
Number of pages8
JournalMicrobial drug resistance (Larchmont, N.Y.)
Volume24
Issue number7
Early online dateDec 13 2017
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Keywords

  • antimicrobial resistance
  • bla
  • dissemination
  • Enterobacteriaceae
  • genetic environment
  • ISKpn8
  • ST131

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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