Generalized stiffness coefficients for ITER superconducting cables, direct FE modeling and initial configuration

A. S. Nemov, D. P. Boso, I. B. Voynov, A. I. Borovkov, B. A. Schrefler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Superconducting coils are one of the key technical solutions used for generation of high magnetic field in modern tokamaks. Nb3Sn superconductivity depends not only on temperature and magnetic field as e.g. NbTi, but also on the strain state of the strands inside the conductor. It is hence very important to be able to predict the mechanical deformations due to manufacturing processes and operating conditions. The conductors for ITER, the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor currently under construction, have a complex structure that makes analytical estimations of stiffness applicable only for the first cabling stages. In this work, a wide range of numerical simulations has been performed, by using several types of finite element models. This paper shows some analytical estimations for stretching and twisting and compares them with the numerical results of the different models. Some comparisons with experimental tests are also presented. Furthermore, it is shown that direct finite element analyses are compulsory for higher cable stages, but need the knowledge of the initial configuration as precise as possible for meaningful simulations. This problem is also addressed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)304-313
Number of pages10
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2010


  • Cable compaction
  • Initial configuration
  • ITER cable modeling
  • Mechanical stiffness
  • Twist pitch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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