Gene expression profiling in adipose tissue indicates different transcriptional mechanisms of liver X receptors α and β, respectively

Knut R. Steffensen, Maria Nilsson, Gertrud U. Schuster, Thomas M. Stulnig, Karin Dahlman-Wright, Jan Åke Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nuclear receptors liver X receptors (LXR) α and β are important regulators of genes involved in lipid, cholesterol, and carbohydrate metabolism and are highly expressed in mature adipocyte tissue. In this study we show that LXRα and LXRβ are more expressed in brown adipose tissue and subcutaneous white adipose tissue than visceral (gonadal) adipose tissue. Furthermore, we report differences between LXRα and LXRβ in their ability to alter expression of target genes. Gene expression profiling analysis of gonadal white adipose tissue from LXRα-/- mice and LXRβ-/- mice shows different gene expression patterns in the two LXR-deficient mouse strains. Genes regulated similarly in both KO mouse strains as well as genes regulated in one, but not the other LXR-deficient mouse strain were seen. A number of genes were regulated in opposite directions by the respective LXR isoform. Taken together this suggests that the LXR isoforms might operate through different transcriptional mechanisms as well as common mechanisms. These results are in consonance with the growing body of evidence reporting differences in regulation of gene expression between the two isoforms. Furthermore, gene expression profiling shows altered gene expression patterns in primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) from wild type versus LXRβ-/- mice; MEFs are pluripotent cells with the potential to differentiate into mature adipocytes. These results indicate a role of LXR in early developmental stages of adipose tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-593
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume310
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2003

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Gene expression profiling
  • Liver X receptor
  • Mouse embryonic fibroblast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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