Gender differences in traumatic event exposure and mental health among veteran primary care patients

John R. Freedy, Kathryn M. Magruder, Arch G. Mainous, B. Chris Frueh, Mark E. Geesey, Mark Carnemolla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Objective: This study evaluated gender differences in lifetime traumatic events, PTSD, and depression among VA primary care patients. Method: Participants were 865 adults attending primary care at one of four VA health centers (n = 681 males, 184 females). Results: Mental health fi ndings included: male PTSD 12.3% vs. female PTSD 9.2% (p > 0.05); male depression 15.9% vs. female depression 29.3% (p < 0.001). Men reported more war zone exposure (p < 0.001). Women reported more physical and sexual victimization (p < 0.001). Male logistic regression equations determined PTSD was associated with disability (OR = 3.42; 1.74-6.72, 95% CI) and war zone exposure (OR = 7.14; 3.82-13.30, 95% CI); depression was associated with war zone exposure (OR = 2.27; 1.40-3.68, 95% CI) and interpersonal violence (OR = 1.75; 1.10-2.79, 95% CI). Female PTSD was associated with sexual victimization (OR = 4.50; 1.20-16.80, 95% CI); depression was not predicted. Conclusions: We discuss fi ndings in terms of the crucial need to improve identifi cation and management of PTSD within VA primary care settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-758
Number of pages9
JournalMilitary medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Gender differences in traumatic event exposure and mental health among veteran primary care patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this