HL-60/Bcr-Abl cells, with ectopic expression of p185 Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase (TK), and K562 cells, with endogenous expression of p210 Bcr-Abl TK, display a high degree of resistance against antileukemic drug-induced apoptosis (G. Fang et al., Blood, 96: 2246-2256, 2000). Present studies demonstrate that treatment with ansamycin antibiotic geldanamycin (GA), or its less toxic analogue 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), induces cytosolic accumulation of cytochrome c and cleavage and activities of caspase-9 and caspase-3, triggering apoptosis of HL-60/Bcr-Abl and K562 cells. GA or 17-AAG down-regulated intracellular Bcr-Abl and c-Raf protein levels, as well as reduced Akt kinase activity. Similar to Raf-1, v-Src, and Her-2-neu, Bcr-Abl TK has chaperone association with heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90). By binding and inhibiting Hsp90, GA or 17-AAG treatment shifted the binding of Bcr-Abl from Hsp90 to Hsp70 and induced the proteasomal degradation of Bcr-Abl, because cotreatment with proteasome inhibitor PSC341 reduced both GA (or 17-AAG)-mediated down-regulation of Bcr-Abl levels and inhibited apoptosis of HL-60/Bcr-Abl and K562 cells. These data establish the in vitro activity of GA and 17-AAG against Bcr-Abl-positive leukemic cells and support the in vivo investigation of 17-AAG against Bcr-Abl-positive leukemias.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research