Gastroesophageal and hemorrhagic complications associated with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography in patients with model for end-stage liver disease score 25 or higher

Christine C. Myo Bui, Apinyachon Worapot, Wei Xia, Lauren Delgado, Randolph H. Steadman, Ronald W. Busuttil, Victor W. Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To investigate major gastroesophageal and hemorrhagic complications that may be related to intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in liver transplant (LT) patients with high model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score 25 or higher. Design Retrospective. Setting Single institution university setting. Participants Of 906 transplant recipients, 656 who had MELD score 25 or higher were included for analysis. Interventions Patient demographics, pre- and intraoperative characteristics, and major gastroesophageal and hemorrhagic complications were compared between patients with and without TEE. Measurements and Main Results Sixty-six percent (433 patients) had intraoperative TEE and 34% (223 patients) did not. One patient in the TEE group had a major gastroesophageal complication (Mallory-Weiss tear). Eleven patients required postoperative gastrointestinal consultation. These patients were distributed evenly between the TEE and non-TEE groups. Eighteen (2.8%) had major hemorrhagic complication (defined as bloody nasogastric output>500 mL in 24 hours postoperatively). Multivariate analysis showed alcoholic cirrhosis had 5.3 higher odds of post-transplant gastroesophageal hemorrhage compared with other indications for transplant (95% confidence interval 1.8-15.8, p<0.001). TEE was not associated with an increased likelihood of major hemorrhagic complication after LT. Conclusions The authors demonstrated that the incidence of major gastroesophageal and hemorrhagic complications following intraoperative TEE in LT patients with MELD score 25 or higher was low.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-597
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Mallory-Weiss tear
  • gastrointestinal complication
  • hemorrhage
  • liver transplantation
  • risk factors
  • transesophageal echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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