Galanin: structure-dependent effect on pancreatic amylase secretion and jejunal strip contraction

Wojciech J. Rossowski, Susan Zacharia, Ning Yi Jiang, Zeynel Mungan, Michael Mills, Atilla Ertan, David H. Coy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rat and porcine galanin and their fragments inhibited cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8)-stimulated amylase secretion with the following activities: rat galanin-(1-29) = porcine galanin-(1-19) = galanin-(1-15) = rat galanin-(3-29) > rat galanin-(2-29) = porcine galanin-(2-29) > galanin-(1-10). Fragments of rat galanin-(9-29) and Nα-acetyl-galanin-(9-29) were able to inhibit CCK-8-stimulated pancreatic amylase secretion but only at higher dose levels. Porcine galanin-(15-29) and rat galanin-(21-29) were unable to produce significant inhibition. Rat and porcine galanin-(1-29), galanin-(1-15) and rat Nα-acetyl-galanin-(9-29) also inhibited basal pancreatic amylase secretion. In the rat jejunal strip contraction model, rat galanin-(1-29) and porcine galanin-(1-29) have similar potencies. Galanin-(1-15) and galanin-(1-10) stimulate rat jejunal strip contraction with decreasing potencies. Elimination of Gly1 from the N-terminus of both rat and porcine galanin had no significant effect either on pancreatic amylase secretion or on jejunal strip contraction. The rat galanin-(3-29) and (9-29) are not active in the stimulation of rat jejunal strip contraction. Acetylation of porcine galanin-(9-29) created a peptide that was a powerful stimulator of rat jejunal strip contraction. The present data indicate that N-terminal rat galanin amino acid residues are crucial for rat jejunal strip contraction but are not required for inhibition of pancreatic amylase. These results suggest that the galanin amino acid sequence contains several specific domains, which can be recognized by specific galanin receptor subsets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-267
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume240
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 1993

Keywords

  • Galanin (porcine, rat)
  • Galanin fragments
  • Jejunal strip contraction (rat)
  • N-Acetyl-galanin-(9-29) (porcine, rat)
  • Pancreatic amylase secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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