Rat and porcine galanin and their fragments inhibited cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8)-stimulated amylase secretion with the following activities: rat galanin-(1-29) = porcine galanin-(1-19) = galanin-(1-15) = rat galanin-(3-29) > rat galanin-(2-29) = porcine galanin-(2-29) > galanin-(1-10). Fragments of rat galanin-(9-29) and Nα-acetyl-galanin-(9-29) were able to inhibit CCK-8-stimulated pancreatic amylase secretion but only at higher dose levels. Porcine galanin-(15-29) and rat galanin-(21-29) were unable to produce significant inhibition. Rat and porcine galanin-(1-29), galanin-(1-15) and rat Nα-acetyl-galanin-(9-29) also inhibited basal pancreatic amylase secretion. In the rat jejunal strip contraction model, rat galanin-(1-29) and porcine galanin-(1-29) have similar potencies. Galanin-(1-15) and galanin-(1-10) stimulate rat jejunal strip contraction with decreasing potencies. Elimination of Gly1 from the N-terminus of both rat and porcine galanin had no significant effect either on pancreatic amylase secretion or on jejunal strip contraction. The rat galanin-(3-29) and (9-29) are not active in the stimulation of rat jejunal strip contraction. Acetylation of porcine galanin-(9-29) created a peptide that was a powerful stimulator of rat jejunal strip contraction. The present data indicate that N-terminal rat galanin amino acid residues are crucial for rat jejunal strip contraction but are not required for inhibition of pancreatic amylase. These results suggest that the galanin amino acid sequence contains several specific domains, which can be recognized by specific galanin receptor subsets.
- Galanin (porcine, rat)
- Galanin fragments
- Jejunal strip contraction (rat)
- N-Acetyl-galanin-(9-29) (porcine, rat)
- Pancreatic amylase secretion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience