Functional pace-mapping responses for identification of targets for catheter ablation of scar-mediated ventricular tachycardia

Roderick Tung, Nilesh Mathuria, Yoav Michowitz, Ricky Yu, Eric Buch, Jason Bradfield, Ravi Mandapati, Isaac Wiener, Noel Boyle, Kalyanam Shivkumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Myocardial scars harbor areas of slow conduction and display abnormal electrograms. Pace-mapping at these sites can generate a 12-lead ECG morphological match to a targeted ventricular tachycardia (VT), and in some instances, multiple exit morphologies can result. At times, this can also result in the initiation of VT, termed pace-mapped induction (PMI). We hypothesized that in patients undergoing catheter ablation of VT, scar substrates with multiple exit sites (MES) identified during pace-mapping have improved freedom from recurrent VT, and PMI of VT predicts successful sites of termination during ablation. Methods and Results-High-density mapping was performed in all subjects to delineate scar (0.5-1.5 mV). Sites with abnormal electrograms were tagged, stimulated (bipolar 10 mA at 2 ms), and targeted for ablation. MES was defined as >1 QRS morphology from a single pacing site. PMI was defined as initiation of VT during pace-mapping (400-600 ms). In a 2-year period, 44 consecutive patients with scar-mediated VT underwent mapping and ablation. MES were observed during pace-mapping in 25 patients (57%). At 9 months, 74% of patients who exhibited MES during pace-mapping had no recurrence of VT compared with 42% of those without MES observed (P<0.024), with an overall freedom from VT of 61%. Thirteen patients (30%) demonstrated PMI, and termination of VT was seen in 95% (18/19) of sites where ablation was performed. Conclusions-During pace-mapping, electrograms that exhibit MES and PMI may be specific for sites critical to reentry. These functional responses hold promise for identifying important sites for catheter ablation of VT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-272
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Pace-mapping
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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