Frozen section of thyroid and parathyroid specimens

Rose Anton, Thomas M. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Context. - Preoperative fine-needle aspiration of thyroid lesions has greatly diminished the need for surgical evaluation. However, because thyroid nodules are common lesions, many still require surgical intervention and represent a substantial number of cases that the pathologist encounters in the frozen section laboratory. Objective. - Comprehensive reviews of frozen section indications, as well as gross, cytologic, and histologic features of the most common and diagnostically important thyroid and parathyroid lesions, are presented to provide a guideline for proper triage and management of these cases in the frozen section laboratory. The most common pifalls are discussed in an attempt to avoid discordant diagnoses. Data Sources. - Thyroid Iobectomy, subtotal or total thyroidectomy, and parathyroid biopsy or parathyroidectomy cases are included in this review. Conclusions. - The frozen section evaluation of thyroid and parathyroid lesions remains a highly accurate procedure with a low false-positive rate. Gross inspection, complemented by cytologic and histologic review, provides the surgeon with the rapid, reliable, cost-effective information necessary for optimum patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1575-1584
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medical Laboratory Technology


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