Frontal MRI findings associated with impairment on the executive interview (EXIT25)

Donald R. Royall, Ronald Rauch, Gustavo C. Roman, Jeffrey A. Cordes, Marsha J. Polk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


We examined the association between the Executive Interview (EXIT25), a bedside measure of executive control, and regional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pathology among 52 consecutive geriatric patients presenting to a university dementia assessment clinic. Left frontal (p < .002), left medial (p < .03), right frontal (p < .02), and right medial (p < .02) cortical lesions significantly worsened EXIT25 scores, even after adjusting for age, global cognitive impairment (on the Mini-Mental State Examination), and the severity of cortical dementia on the Qualitative Evaluation of Dementia [QED]. The EXIT25's associations with right hemisphere lesions did not persist after adjusting for left frontal lesions. Left posterior lesions did not significantly affect the EXIT25. Similarly, left frontal circuit pathology worsened EXIT25 scores (p < .05). Pathology in left anterior subcortical structures showed a trend (p = .052). EXIT25 scores were not affected by right subcortical pathology, nor by pathology in either hippocampus. We conclude that the EXIT25 is specifically affected by frontal system MRI lesions, particularly on the left. This conclusion is consistent with earlier functional neuroimaging studies associating EXIT25 performance with left mesiofrontal perfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-308
Number of pages16
JournalExperimental Aging Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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