Framework to co-register longitudinal virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound data in the circumferential direction

Lucas H. Timmins, Jonathan D. Suever, Parham Eshtehardi, Michael C. McDaniel, John N. Oshinski, Habib Samady, Don P. Giddens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Considerable efforts have been directed at identifying prognostic markers for rapidly progressing coronary atherosclerotic lesions that may advance into a high-risk (vulnerable) state. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has become a valuable clinical tool to study the natural history of coronary artery disease (CAD). While prospectively IVUS studies have provided tremendous insight on CAD progression, and its association with independent markers (e.g., wall shear stress), they are limited by the inability to examine the focal association between spatially heterogeneous variables (in both circumferential and axial directions). Herein, we present a framework to automatically co-register longitudinal (in-time) virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) imaging data in the circumferential direction (i.e., rotate follow-up image so circumferential basis coincides with corresponding baseline image). Multivariate normalized cross correlation was performed on paired images (n = 636) from five patients using three independent VH-IVUS defined parameters: artery thickness, VH-IVUS defined plaque constituents, and VH-IVUS perivascular imaging data. Results exhibited high correlation between co-registration rotation angles determined automatically versus manually by an expert reader (r2= 0.90). Furthermore, no significant difference between automatic and manual co-registration angles was observed (91.31 ± 1.04° and 91.07 ± 1.04°, respectively; p = 0.48) and Bland-Altman analysis yielded excellent agreement (bias} = 0.24°, 95% CI +/-16.33°). In conclusion, we have developed, verified, and validated an algorithm that automatically co-registers VH-IVUS imaging data that will allow for the focal examination of CAD progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6542764
Pages (from-to)1989-1996
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2013


  • Arteriosclerosis
  • biomechanics
  • cardiology
  • catheterization
  • image co-registration
  • image processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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