OBJECTIVE: A well-recognized gap exists between evidence-based recommendations for post-fracture care and actual clinical practice, demonstrated by the high percentage of fragility fracture patients who are neither diagnosed nor treated for osteoporosis. Our purpose is to review fracture liaison service (FLS) models and to evaluate national and international experiences in secondary fracture prevention.
METHODS: We performed a systematic search of publication databases (MEDLINE, SCOPUS) and included randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses, and review articles using the following keywords: Fracture liaison services, Secondary prevention of fracture, Post-fracture healthcare gap, and fragility fractures. References were included from 2001-2015. We subsequently performed reference searches of retrieved articles and available literature was reviewed.
RESULTS: The efficacy of secondary fracture prevention programs correlates strongly with their intensity. Type A FLS Models are most successful in initiating diagnostic and treatment plans for fragility fracture patients. Adoption of FLS programs improves care by lowering mortality and refracture rates while also lowering healthcare costs. The quality of evidence supporting associations between FLS programs and improved outcomes was moderately strong due to the availability of longitudinal data from nationalized health systems.
CONCLUSION: As our population ages and challenges to the healthcare system loom ever larger, it is imperative that we fund and champion fracture liaison services. The fracture liaison service has recently emerged as a novel clinical approach that uses coordinated, multidisciplinary care to improve post-fracture outcomes and reduce recurrent fractures. These programs are simple, targeted, high-yield and have the potential to protect our most vulnerable patients.
ABBREVIATIONS: DXA = dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry FLS = fracture liaison service NCQA = National Committee of Quality Assurance NHS = National Health Service PCP = primary care physician PQRS = Physician Quality Reporting System QCDR = Qualified Clinical Data Registry.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism