Foxo3a transcription factor is a negative regulator of Skp2 and Skp2 SCF complex

J. Wu, S. W. Lee, X. Zhang, F. Han, S. Y. Kwan, X. Yuan, W. L. Yang, Y. S. Jeong, A. H. Rezaeian, Y. Gao, Y. X. Zeng, H. K. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Skp2 (S-phase kinase-associated protein-2) SCF complex displays E3 ligase activity and oncogenic activity by regulating protein ubiquitination and degradation, in turn regulating cell cycle entry, senescence and tumorigenesis. The maintenance of the integrity of Skp2 SCF complex is critical for its E3 ligase activity. The Skp2 F-box protein is a rate-limiting step and key factor in this complex, which binds to its protein substrates and triggers ubiquitination and degradation of its substrates. Skp2 is found to be overexpressed in numerous human cancers, which has an important role in tumorigenesis. The molecular mechanism by which the function of Skp2 and Skp2 SCF complex is regulated remains largely unknown. Here we show that Foxo3a transcription factor is a novel and negative regulator of Skp2 SCF complex. Foxo3a is found to be a transcriptional repressor of Skp2 gene expression by directly binding to the Skp2 promoter, thereby inhibiting Skp2 protein expression. Surprisingly, we found for the first time that Foxo3a also displays a transcription-independent activity by directly interacting with Skp2 and disrupting Skp2 SCF complex formation, in turn inhibiting Skp2 SCF E3 ligase activity and promoting p27 stability. Finally, we show that the oncogenic activity of Skp2 is repressed by Foxo3a overexpression. Our results not only reveal novel insights into how Skp2 SCF complex is regulated, but also establish a new role for Foxo3a in tumor suppression through a transcription-dependent and independent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-85
Number of pages8
JournalOncogene
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 3 2013

Keywords

  • Foxo3a
  • Skp2 SCF complex
  • ubiquitination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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