FOXM1 transcriptionally regulates expression of integrin β1 in triple-negative breast cancer

Zuhal Hamurcu, Nermin Kahraman, Ahmed Ashour, Bulent Ozpolat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive type of breast cancer and associated with early metastasis, drug resistance, and poor patient survival. Fork head box M1 (FOXM1) is considered as an emerging molecular target due to its oncogenic role and high overexpression profile in 85% in TNBC. However, molecular mechanisms by which FOXM1 transcription factor mediate its oncogenic effects are not fully understood. Integrin β1 is often upregulated in invasive breast cancers and associated with poor clinical outcome and shorter overall patient survival in TNBC. However, the mechanisms regulating integrin β1 (ITGB1) gene expression have not been well elucidated. Methods: Normal breast epithelium (MCF10A) and TNBC cells (i.e., MDA-MB-231, BT-20 MDA-MB436) were used for the study. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-based knockdown was used to inhibit Integrin β1 gene (mRNA) and protein expressions, which are detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChiP) and gene reporter (Luciferase) assays were used to demonstrate that FOXM1 transcription factor binds to the promoter of Integrin β1 gene and drives its expression. Results: We demonstrated that FOXM1 directly binds to the promoter of integrin β1 gene and transcriptionally regulates its expression and activity of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) in TNBC cells. Conclusion: Our study suggests that FOXM1 transcription factor regulates Integrin β1 gene expression and that FOXM1/ Integrin-β1/FAK axis may play an important role in the progression of TNBC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-493
Number of pages9
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Breast cancer
  • FAK
  • FOXM1
  • Integrin β1
  • Invasion
  • Metastasis
  • Oncogene
  • siRNA
  • TNBC
  • Transcription factor
  • Treatment
  • Triple-negative breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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