Food-shopping environment disparities in texas wic vendors: A pilot study

Christine A. Tisone, Selina A. Guerra, Wenhua Lu, E. Lisako J. McKyer, Marcia Ory, Diane Dowdy, Suojin Wang, Jingang Miao, Alexandra Evans, Deanna M. Hoelscher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify differences in food-shopping environments of Texas WIC vendors using a culturally adapted instrument. Methods: A survey tool was developed for measuring food availability, accessibility, and affordability in 111 WIC vendors in Texas. Two-tailed t-tests and Mann-Whitney tests were used for rural/urban and Texas-Mexico border/ non-border area comparisons. Results: Prices were higher in rural areas than in urban areas for 2 key foods, fruits (p = .024) and milk (p = .007); non-border vendors had overall better food availability than border vendors; non-border vendors had better accessibility for fruits (p = .007) than border vendors. Conclusion: In Texas, disparities in food-shopping environments are evident and can be assessed using a culturally adapted survey tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)726-736
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • Food accessibility
  • Food affordability
  • Food availability
  • Food-shopping environment disparities
  • WIC vendors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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