FK330, a novel inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, prevents ischemia and reperfusion injury in rat liver transplantation

S. Tsuchihashi, F. Kaldas, N. Chida, Y. Sudo, K. Tamura, Y. Zhai, B. Qiao, R. W. Busuttil, J. W. Kupiec-Weglinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Nitric oxide (NO), produced via inducible NO synthase (iNOS), is implicated in the pathophysiology of liver ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). We examined the effects of a novel iNOS inhibitor, FK330 (FR260330), in well-defined rat liver IRI models. In a model of liver cold ischemia followed by ex vivo reperfusion, treatment with FK330 improved portal venous flow, increased bile production and decreased hepatocellular damage. FK330 prevented IRI in rat model of 40-h cold ischemia followed by syngeneic orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), as evidenced by: (1) increased OLT survival (from 20% to 80%); (2) decreased hepatocellular damage (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase/ glutamic pyruvic transaminase levels); (3) improved histological features of IRI; (4) reduced intrahepatic leukocyte infiltration, as evidenced by decreased expression of P-selectin/intracellular adhesion molecule 1, ED-1/CD3 cells and neutrophils; (5) depressed lymphocyte activation, as evidenced by expression of pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6) and chemokine (IP-10, MCP-1, MIP-2) programs; (6) prevented hepatic apoptosis and down-regulated Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Thus, by modulating leukocyte trafficking and cell activation patterns, treatment of rats with FK330, a specific iNOS inhibitor, prevented liver IRI. These results provide the rationale for novel therapeutic approaches to maximize organ donor pool through the safer use of liver grafts despite prolonged periods of cold ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2013-2022
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2006


  • Ischemia/reperfusion
  • Liver
  • Nitric oxide
  • Transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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