Fingolimod (FTY720) prevents chronic rejection of rodent cardiac allografts through inhibition of the RhoA pathway

Wei Chen, Wenhao Chen, Song Chen, Ahmed Uosef, Rafik M. Ghobrial, Malgorzata Kloc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Fingolimod (FTY720, Gilenya) is clinically approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Its therapeutic effect on MS is based on the ability to bind sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptors and block the exit of immune cells from the lymphoid organs, thus preventing immune cell-dependent injury to the central nervous system (CNS). We showed recently that, besides the S1P-related activity, the FTY720 also down-regulates RhoA, which is a master regulator of the actin cytoskeleton. Our previous studies showed that FTY720 also down-regulates Rictor, which is a signature molecule of mTORC2 complex, which regulates RhoA and dictates actin cytoskeleton specificity. Because, our previous studies showed that chronic rejection correlates with the upregulation of RhoA and mTORC2 components and that the inhibition of RhoA pathway prevents chronic rejection, here we studied the effect of FTY720 on the chronic rejection of rat and mouse cardiac allografts. We show that FTY720 in conjunction with the inhibitors of early T cell response, (CTA4-Ig in mice and Everolimus in rats) blocks macrophage infiltration into the grafts and prevents chronic rejection of rat and mouse cardiac transplants. This indicates that FTY720 may be repurposed from the MS application to the clinical transplantation as an anti-chronic rejection drug.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101347
JournalTransplant Immunology
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Chronic rejection
  • FTY720
  • Macrophage
  • RhoA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Transplantation

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