Filling the gap between transient and steady shear rheology of aqueous graphene oxide dispersions

Francesco Del Giudice, Benjamin V. Cunning, Rodney S. Ruoff, Amy Q. Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Even though the rheological behavior of aqueous graphene oxide (G-O) dispersions has been shown to be strongly time-dependent, only few transient measurements have been reported in the literature. In this work, we attempt to fill the gap between transient and steady shear rheological characterizations of aqueous G-O dispersions in the concentration range of 0.004 < ϕ < 3.5 wt%, by conducting comprehensive rheological measurements, including oscillatory shear flow, transient shear flow, and steady shear flow. Steady shear measurements have been performed after the evaluation of transient properties of the G-O dispersions, to assure steady-state conditions. We identify the critical concentration ϕc = 0.08 wt% (where G-O sheets start to interact) from oscillatory shear experiments. We find that the rheology of G-O dispersions strongly depends on the G-O concentration ϕ. Transient measurements of shear viscosity and first normal stress difference suggest that G-O dispersions behave like nematic polymeric liquid crystals at ϕ/ϕc = 25, in agreement with other work reported in the literature. G-O dispersions also display a transition from negative to positive values of the first normal stress difference with increasing shear rates. Experimental findings of aqueous graphene oxide dispersions are compared and discussed with models and experiments reported for nematic polymeric liquid crystals, laponite, and organoclay dispersions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-306
Number of pages14
JournalRheologica Acta
Volume57
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • 2D dispersions
  • 2D suspensions
  • Graphene oxide
  • Liquid crystals
  • Normal stress
  • Rheology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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