Fibrin sealant does not decrease seroma output or time to drain removal following inguino-femoral lymph node dissection in melanoma patients: A randomized controlled trial (NCT00506311)

Melinda M. Mortenson, Yan Xing, Storm Weaver, Jeffrey E. Lee, Jeffrey E. Gershenwald, Anthony Lucci, Paul F. Mansfield, Merrick I. Ross, Janice N. Cormier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study assessed the impact of closed suction drains and evaluated whether the intraoperative use of a fibrin sealant decreased time to drain removal and wound complications in melanoma patients undergoing inguino-femoral lymph node dissection. Methods: A pilot study (n = 18) assessed the impact of a closed suction drain following inguino-femoral lymph node dissection. A single-institution, prospective trial was then performed in which patients were randomized to a group that received intraoperative application of a fibrin sealant following inguino-femoral lymph node dissection or to a control group that did not receive sealant. Results: The majority of the patients enrolled felt the drains caused moderate or severe discomfort and difficulties with activities of daily living. Thirty patients were then randomized; the median time to drain removal in the control group (n = 14) was 30 days (range, 13-74) compared to 29 days (range, 11-45) in the fibrin sealant group (n = 16; P = 0.6). Major and minor complications were similar in the two groups. Conclusion: Postoperative closed suction drains were associated with major patient inconvenience. Applying a fibrin sealant at the time of inguino-femoral lymph node dissection in melanoma patients did not reduce the time to drain removal or postoperative morbidity. Alternative strategies are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number63
JournalWorld Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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