Fetal adnexa derived stem cells from domestic animal: Progress and perspectives

F. Cremonesi, B. Corradetti, A. Lange Consiglio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fetal adnexa such as umbilical cord, amnion and amniotic fluid have been proposed as ideal sources of different stem cell lineages. Use of adnexal tissue has many potential advantages, including the noninvasive nature of the isolation procedure, the large tissue mass from which cells can be harvested with high efficiency and the potential of these cells to differentiate. Moreover, particularly in human medicine, the harvesting of these tissues is more ethically acceptable making these sources of stem cells very attractive for regenerative therapies and biotechnological applications. The adnexal tissue cells preserve some of the characteristics of the primitive embryonic layers from which they originate. Indeed, many studies indicate that these stem cells exhibit some features of embryonic stem cells as expression of embryonic markers and proliferation capability, without showing immunogenicity. However, the differentiation potential of these cells, either in vivo or in vitro, is intermediate between the pluripotent embryonic stem cells and the multipotent adult stem cells. Non-embryonic extra-fetal derived stem cells have opened new perspectives for developmental biology and for regenerative medicine, not only in humans but also in animals. In this update, we report the state of the art of fetal adnexa-derived stem cells from domestic animals and analyze their applications and potential uses in veterinary medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1400-1415
Number of pages16
JournalTheriogenology
Volume75
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Amnion
  • Amniotic fluid
  • Domestic animal
  • Stem cells
  • Umbilical cord blood
  • Wharton's Jelly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine

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