Female Sexual Function following Sling Surgery: A Prospective Parallel Cohort, Multi-Center Study of the Solyx™ Single Incision Sling System versus the Obtryx™ II Sling System

Amanda B. White, Jennifer T. Anger, Karyn Eilber, Bruce S. Kahn, Ricardo R. Gonzalez, Anna Rosamilia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: Limited data exist regarding sexual function after single incision sling (SIS) surgery. We compared sexual function 36 months postoperatively between patients undergoing SIS and transobturator sling (TMUS) for treatment of stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Assessment of sexual function was a planned secondary objective of this prospective, multi-center study that enrolled women to Solyx SIS or Obtryx II TMUS. The primary study aim was to compare efficacy and safety using non-inferiority design at 36 months. Patient-reported outcomes of sexual function were assessed at baseline and 6, 12, 18, 24 and 36 months using Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). Changes in sexual function were analyzed within and between groups. Outcomes for patients requiring surgical retreatment were determined. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were balanced using propensity score stratification (N=141 SIS, N=140 TMUS). Groups were similar in age, body mass index and concomitant surgery performed. Average length of followup was 30 months. Baseline sexual activity was similar (123/141 SIS, 114/140 TMUS, p=0.18). Severity of urinary incontinence did not correlate with baseline sexual activity. Mean PISQ-12 scores increased significantly from baseline to 36 months for both groups, indicating better sexual function at each visit. There were no significant differences in PISQ-12 scores between groups except at 36 months, where the difference was small (-2.5, 95% CI [-4.7, 0.2]). Among patients undergoing surgical retreatment (9/281, 3%), improvement in sexual function was maintained. De novo dyspareunia was rare following both treatments (SIS 1/141, TMUS 0/140, p=1.00). CONCLUSIONS: Patients have significant improvement in sexual function after SIS and TMUS. De novo sexual pain is low after sling surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-705
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of urology
Volume206
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • dyspareunia
  • suburethral sling
  • urinary incontinence, stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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